Jamaican Caper (Bush) – Quadrella cynophallophora


1 gallon/6"
1 gallon/6" Installed
3 gallon/10"
3 gallon/10" Installed
7 gallon/14"
7 gallon/14" Installed
15 gallon/17"
15 gallon/17″ Installed
25 gallon/21"
25 gallon/21″ Installed

General Landscape Uses: An accent or specimen shrub or small tree. Also useful in buffer plantings and informal hedges.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A common element of coastal hammocks and thickets.

Description: large shrub or small upright tree with a slender crown composed of short branches. Foliage dense in sun, becoming open in shade. Trunks 2-6 inches in diameter. Bark dark red brown, rough. Leaves smooth and shiny above, rusty beneath, 2-3 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 6-12 feet in height, sometimes more. Taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys north along the coasts to Brevard, Hillsborough and Pinellas counties; West Indies, Mexico and Central America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little’s Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Habitats: Coastal hammocks.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without significant injury.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.

Flower Color: Opens white, turning pink within a few hours.

Flower Characteristics: Showy, brushlike, 1 1/2″ long. Fragrant, mostly so in the evening.

Flowering Season: Spring-summer; peak in spring.

Fruit: Brown capsule, 9-12″ long, rupturing irregularly with age, exposing the red interior; summer.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides food and cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for Florida white (Appias drusilla) butterflies. Attracts pollinators.

Horticultural Notes: Grown from seed, which need to be scarified. Start in shade and move to full sun after true leaves are formed. Germination is within a month.

References: Nelson 2003

Comments: This is an excellent plant for coastal gardens. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation’s Flower Friday page.

Pot Size

1 gallon/6", 1 gallon/6" Installed, 3 gallon/10", 3 gallon/10" Installed, 7 gallon/14", 7 gallon/14" Installed, 15 gallon/17", 15 gallon/17″ Installed, 25 gallon/21", 25 gallon/21″ Installed


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